The Aitareya Upanishad is one of the primary Upanishads associated with the Rigveda. It is divided into three chapters, containing 33 verses. The first chapter of the Aitareya Upanishad potray Atman as a divine creator. The second chapter details on the three births of the Atman while the third chapter narrates the qualities of Brahman.
This upanishad contains one of the four Mahavakyas (महावाक्य, great statements which have a profound significance) of the Vedanta.
- Prajnanam Brahma, (प्रज्ञानां ब्रह्म, Aitareya Upanishad 3.3 , Rig Veda) which means Consciousness or knowledge is Brahman.
- Aham Brahmasmi (अहं ब्रह्मास्मि, Brhadaranyaka Upanishad 1.4.10, Yajur Veda) which means I am Brahman
- Tat Tvam Asi (तत् त्वम् असि, Chandogya Upanishad 6.8.7 , Sama Veda) which means You are that or That thou Art
- Ayam Atma Brahma (अयं आत्मा ब्रह्म,Mandukya Upanishad 1.2, Atharva Veda) which means The self is Brahman
Here, we will explore Aitareya Upanishad verses with its Gujarati translation done by Yogeshwarji. We hope that you will like this.